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Panic attacks can be frightening, but they’re treatable

June 8, 2016 0 Comments

What-are-panic-attacks

Everybody’s been nervous or felt fear at some point. Maybe it was the time you were sure the airplane was going down as it bounced around in a thunderstorm. Or before that final exam. Or the time you got into trouble and knew this was the day the piper finally got paid.

As bad as you felt, it probably wasn’t a panic attack. “Panic attack” is a term that gets thrown around a lot – often when people are in difficult and unpleasant situations – but actual panic attacks are far more severe than ordinary fear or anxiety.

So what is a panic attack?

According to the Anxiety and Depression Association of America (ADAA), a panic attack is a sudden appearance of intense discomfort or fear, with sensations reaching a peak within minutes. Panic attacks include at least four of the following symptoms:

Panic disorder is a condition involving frequent panic attacks. The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) says it can cause patients with the disorder to avoid or fear places and situations where panic attacks occurred in the past. ADAA reports 2.7 percent of Americans are affected by the disorder yearly. Women are twice as likely to be affected as men, and the disorder often occurs with major depression.

Treating panic attacks

Given their speed and severity, panic attacks can be very frightening to experience for both the patient and those around them. Fortunately, both panic attacks and panic disorder respond to treatment. According to NIMH, treatment usually involves medication, psychotherapy or a combination of both:

Anxiety disorders in children

Massachusetts General Hospital’s Mood & Anxiety Disorders Institute (MADI) reports panic attacks often look different in children. Young children are often not capable of articulating the intense fears driving anxiety attacks, and adolescents can often be embarrassed by their symptoms and be reluctant to discuss them with parents or doctors. Children with panic attacks may have difficulty explaining what their worries are, become isolated from their friends and refuse to participate in activities at school and elsewhere. MADI also warns that, if left untreated, panic disorders can lead a child to experiment with drugs and alcohol for relief, or even develop suicidal thoughts.

White River Academy, a therapeutic boarding school for boys aged 12 to 17, is staffed by compassionate experts who help their students reach their full potential. For more information, please contact our 24/7 helpline.

About the author

Brian Moore is a staff writer and graphic designer for the Sovereign Health Group. A 20-year veteran of the newspaper industry, he writes articles and creates graphics across Sovereign’s portfolio of marketing and content products. Brian enjoys music, bicycling and playing the tuba, which’s he’s done with varying degrees of success for over 25 years. For more information and other inquiries about this media, contact the author and designer at news@sovhealth.com.

 

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